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Ketchum Fast Freight Line, about 1890. View looks west across the Wood River and up Warm Spring Creek near site of the Oregon Short Line passenger station. Photo number P-1100, Palmer Lewis Collection, Community Library, Ketchum, Idaho; used by permission.
Naturally flocked trees, Sun Valley ski area (Jan. 1995).
Sheep Grazing
Sheep and cattle raising became the main industries in the Wood River Valley in the 1890s. During this time more sheep were shipped on the Union Pacific from Ketchum than from any other point in the United States.

Sun Valley Resort
W. Averill Harriman, Chairman of the Board of the Union Pacific Railroad, arranged that Count Felix Schaffgotsch (an Austrian) should tour in 1935 the areas in the Rocky Mountains served by the railroad to locate a site for a resort to serve the newly growing sport of alpine skiing. Although the southern Wood River Valley is open, bare, and hardly alpine, the valley narrows to the north at Ketchum and the hills boast spectacular vistas of the Boulder, Pioneer, and Smoky Mountains.

Harriman bought the 3,888 acre Brass Ranch where the Sun Valley resort is located for $10.04 an acre in spring 1936. He proceeded to build a luxury resort where, in his words, "There isn't a single thing I could wish for that hasn't been provided." The Lodge cost $1,500,000 and was completed in December of that year. It was to become a resort for the rich and famous. In the last ten years, the area has grown faster than any nearby part of Idaho. Many say it resembles a piece of California transported to the Wood River. The transformation from slow and shabby Idaho ranch town to modern resort replete with million dollar homes occurs in distinct steps as one drives north from Carey to Picabo to Gannet to Bellevue to Hailey to Ketchum to Sun Valley. The first time along the road is a strange trip for an Idahoan.

As settlers began spreading throughout southern Idaho, some gathered at a spot along the Little Wood River. They called the community Bottoms. A few years later plans were announced by Oregon Short Line Railway Company to build a railroad through southern Idaho and this road would pass through the community. By late 1882, when the railway reached the town, it applied for a post office, to be named Naples.

Construction of the railway to the west halted while the Oregon Short Line built its first branch, extending into the mountains to the north to serve the mines at Hailey, which it reached in 1883. Later, the branch was extended to Ketchum where shipments of livestock were handled. The junction town was named Shoshone.