Genus & Species Common Name Family Family Common Name
Trifolium repens L. White Clover, Dutch Clover Fabaceae Pea Family

CHARACTERISTICS
A glabrous, more or less prostrate plant with erect, naked peduncles
terminated by a head-like raceme of white to pink flowers. The 1-6 dm
long stems are usually creeping and stoloniferous, but sometimes erect.

leaves
The trifoliate leaves are subtended by 3-10 mm long stipules which are
fused nearly their entire length; each has a white spot or band; The
petioles vary in length from about equal in length to the leaflets to
many times longer; the leaflets are obovate, 1-2 cm long, finely
serrulate.

flowers
There is no involucre; The white, cream or pinkish flowers are borne
in heads borne on axillary, long peduncles; The flowers become pendulous
on 1-5 mm long pedicels at maturity; the glabrous calyx with teeth about
the length of the tube is about ½ the length of the corolla.

fruit
a 1-3 seeded legume

habitat
White Clover has been introduced into North America from Europe and has
become established in meadows, waste places, lawns and moist places
where it appears to be native. It is often associated with Kentucky
Bluegrass.

distribution
In North America from the Aleutian Islands southward through the entire
lower continental United States.

other
Although low growing, this plant provides good, nutritious grazing for
domestic stock and wildlife. It is often included in lawn grass seed
because of its nitrogen fixing ability. Clover honey is made primarily
from the nectar of this plant. The nutritious leaves can be added in
small quantities to salads or as a green on sandwiches.


Photos and content written by Karl Holte, 2002