Size: 12.5-14" (32-36cm). A large woodpecker with a barred, cinnamon-brown back and spotted white belly. White rump, easily seen in flight, identifies this woodpecker. Gray head with brown crown and nape. Red mustache on male separated by a bold black collar from the spotted belly. Salmon-pink under-sides of tail and wings are conspicuous in flight.
Similar Species- No similar looking woodpeckers in Idaho. Pileated woodpecker gives a similar prolonged call, but lower pitched and descending. Female Williamson's Sapsucker.
Call note a strongly accented and descending Keee! Also Flicka-flicka-flicka! And a loud, prolonged series: week-week-week-week-week .
Breeds from tree limit in central Alaska and portions of Canada, south through British Columbia, eastern Montana, and interior (east of Rockies) to southern Texas, Gulf Coast, southern Florida, and Nicaragua. Winters from southern Canada, south through breeding range to southern Texas and Gulf Coast. Resident in portions of Southwest.
Feeds on insects (ants, beetles, wasps, grasshoppers, grubs, etc.). Also eats fruits, berries, and seeds (clovers, grasses, ragweed, etc.).
Feeds on ground or catches insects in air. Nests in cavity in standing snag; may nest on houses, poles, or banks. May return to same nesting cavity year after year. Cavities excavated by flickers are used by many species of secondary cavity users.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Hejl, S.J. and R.E. Woods. 1990. Bird assemblages in old-growth and rotation-aged Douglas-fir/Ponderosa pine stands in the northern Rocky Mountains: a preliminary assessment. Pp. 93-100 in D.M. Baumgartner and J.E. Lotan, eds. Proceedings of a Symposium on Interior Douglas-fir: the species and its management. Feb 27, 1990, Spokane, WA.