6-7" (15-18 cm). A smaller version of the Hairy Woodpecker, with bill proportionately shorter. Black-and-white-striped head and checkered wings; white belly, breast, and central back. Male has small red patch on nape.
Similar Species- Hairy Woodpecker
Call is a swift, flat, high-pitched pik, not as sharp as the Hairy's peek!; also gives a rapid whinny of notes, descending in pitch: ki-ki-ki-ki-ki.
Breeds from western and central Alaska, east across portions of Canada to Newfoundland, and south to southern California, central Texas, Gulf Coast, and southern Florida. Winters throughout breeding range, but more northern populations are mostly migratory, occurring irregularly southward.
Found in deciduous and mixed woodlands, second growth, parks, orchards, swamps, and riparian woodlands.
Eats mostly insects (adults, larvae, pupae, and eggs), but will also eat berries and nuts.
Nests in cavity in standing snag. Constructs new nesting cavity yearly. Forages on bark of tree.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.