14 1/2-18" (37-46 cm). Black above, including breast, tail, and peaked head with red eyes. White rings at base and near end of a black bill. White below, including flanks. Females dark brown with darker back and black bill with one white ring near end; pale eye ring.
Similar Species- Tufted Duck, female scaups
Breeds from southeastern and east-central Alaska and central British Columbia, east through Saskatchewan to Newfoundland, and south to northeastern California, southeastern Arizona, southern Colorado, and parts of the Midwest to New York. Winters from southeastern Alaska and Massachusetts, south through southwestern U.S. and Mexico to Panama.
Plant material, such as tubers, leaves, rootstocks, and seeds of aquatic plants, is important part of diet. Also eats aquatic invertebrates, especially in summer. Downy young eat insects, snails, sponges, seeds, and other plant material.
Builds nest in dry spot on ground near water, or sometimes on dry site over water. Dives from water surface to obtain food from as far as 12 m underwater. Most active in early morning and evening; sleeps by day near emergent vegetation by shorelines.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.