Archilochus alexandri
(Black-chinned Hummingbird)


Order: Apodiformes
Order Description: Swifts, Hummingbirds
Family: Trochilidae
Family Description: Hummingbirds

Physical Description:
3 1/4-3 3/4" (8-10 cm). Adult males are dark green above; black chin and blue-violet (may look black) lower throat, forming gorget, are bordered by white collar below; sides olive-green; tail black and forked. Females are greenish above, plain whitish below with variable amount of spotting on throat and pale buffClick word for definition sides; tail has small white-tipped corners. Both sexes have a slightly downcurved black bill and a small white spot behind eye.

Similar Species- Female and immature Ruby- throated and Costa's Hummingbirds, Anna's Hummingbird.

Song:
Call is a low, soft tchew or tup; song consists of weak, high-pitched squeaks. Male makes a dry buzz with wings in flight.

Distribution:
Breeds from southwestern British Columbia, Washington, central Idaho, and northwestern Montana, south to northern Mexico and southern Texas, and east to western Wyoming, eastern Colorado, eastern New Mexico, and central Texas. Winters from northern Mexico and southern Texas, south to southern Mexico, and casually to Louisiana and Florida.

Habitat:
Found in semi-arid habitat near water, canyons, slopes, chaparralClick word for definition, riparianClick word for definition woodlands, open woodlands, and scrub. Also found in parks, orchards, and gardens.

Diet:
Feeds on nectar and insects.

Ecology:
Primarily solitary. Builds cup-shaped nest in tree, frequently near water. Takes nectar from flowers, or forages by darting out from perch to catch insects in air.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 2 eggs (occasionally 1-3) for 13-16 days. Young are tended by female, leave nest in about 3 wk, and are fed by female for several days after fledging. Adults may begin second nesting before young of first nesting become independent.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABNUC45020
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Photo by C. Trost,© 1999
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.