5-6" (13-15 cm). Gray with dark streaking on back and breast; white belly. Yellow on crown, throat, rump, and armpits. Two white wing bars; white eyering. Females, juveniles, and non-breeding males duller.
Similar Species- Grace's Warbler
Fast warble, almost a trill.
Breeds from Alaska and Canada, south to north-central and northeastern U.S. and through western U.S. into Baja California. Winters from southwestern Canada and northwestern, central and east-central U.S., south throughout western Mexico to Guatemala and uncommonly to Honduras. Species is one of the most abundant and widely distributed warblers.
When breeding, found in forests or open woodlands. During migration and in winter, found in open forests, woodlands, savannas, roadsides, pastures, and scrub habitat. May be seen in parks and gardens.
Feeds on insects (ants, wasps, flies, beetles, mosquitoes, etc.), spiders, and some berries and seeds. May drink tree sap.
Builds cup-shaped nest on horizontal branch in coniferous tree. Forages by moving slowly over trunks and branches, by catching insects in flight, or by hopping on ground.
Female incubates 4-5 eggs for 12-13 days. Nestlings are tended by both parents, but are brooded by female. Young leave nest in 12-14 days.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Douglas, D.C., J.T. Ratti, R.A. Black, and J.R. Alldredge. 1992. Avian habitat associations in riparian zones of Idaho's Centennial Mountains. Wilson Bull. 104:485-500.
images provided by C. Trost,©
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.