4-5" (10-13 cm). Gray head and back of neck with spotted, chestnut crown patch and white eyering. Yellow-orange below. Brown wings and back.
Similar Species- MacGillivray's, Mourning, and Virginia's warblers, and immature male Common Yellowthroat.
A two part song: sebit-sebit-sebit-ti-ti-ti-ti.
Breeds from southern British Columbia, east to northwestern Montana, and south to southern California and Nevada. Also breeds in portions of eastern Canada and United States. Winters from northern Mexico, east to southern Texas, and south into Guatemala.
Found in forest-bordered bogs, second growth, open deciduous and coniferous woodlands, forest edges and undergrowth, and cut-over or burned areas. During migration and in winter, found in various woodland, scrub, and thicket habitats.
Eats insects. In nonbreeding range, visits flowers, takes small berries and seeds, and gleans for small insects.
Builds concealed, cup- shaped nest on ground. Forages from ground to treetop, but usually remains low in trees and thickets at edges of forests. Uncommon cowbird host. Species is poorly studied.
Female incubates 4-5 eggs for 11-12 days. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at about 11 days.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.