4 1/2-5 3/4" (11-15 cm). Adult male is very black except for orange wing and tail patches, orange sides of breast, and white belly. Female is gray with yellow patches.
Thin, high-pitched notes ending in a slur.
Breeds across portions of Alaska and Canada, south to Oregon, Arizona, Oklahoma, northern Gulf Coast, and Carolinas. Winters from southern Texas (rarely), south through Mexico (mainly coastally), and into Central and South America.
Eats mostly forest tree insects, but will also eat spiders and some fruits and seeds.
Nests in low, deciduous tree or shrub, sometimes in deserted nest of other species; nests are commonly parasitized by Brown-headed Cowbird. Captures prey during aerial sallies; sometimes gleans or hovers. Solitary in winter. Defends winter territory. density in winter (in Jamaica study) was 10- 51/10 ha, which was comparable to breeding densities reported for eastern U.S., but greater than densities reported for other sites in Caribbean and Mexico (0-17/10 ha).
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.