Vireo olivaceus
(Red-eyed Vireo)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Vireonidae
Family Description: Vireos

Physical Description:
5 1/2-6 1/2" (14-17 cm). Olive above and whitish below; red eyes with white eyebrows bordered by dark stripes; gray crownClick word for definition.

Similar Species- Warbling Vireo

Song:
Loud and melodious. Interpreted as: see me, here I am, up here, see? Vireo!

Distribution:
Breeds from British Columbia and probably southeastern Alaska, east across portions of Canada, and south to northern Oregon, northern Idaho, eastern Colorado, Texas, Gulf Coast, and southern Florida. Winters in South America.

Habitat:
Found in open, deciduousClick word for definition (less frequently coniferous) forests, especially with sapling undergrowth. Also found in second-growth woodlands, scrub, thickets, and gardens. During migrationClick word for definition and in winter, found in various open forests, forest edges, woodlands, scrub, and brush habitats. In Idaho, primarily found in cottonwood riparianClick word for definition habitats and low numbers in aspen stands.

Diet:
Eats insects, small fruits, and seeds. Notably frugivorousClick word for definition, almost totally so away from breeding areas.

Ecology:
Forages in trees. Builds cup-shaped nest in shrub or deciduous tree. In one study, 45 territories averaged 0.7 ha/pair. Species is a common cowbird host.

Reproduction:
Female (mostly or entirely) incubatesClick word for definition 3-5 eggs (usually 4), for 11-14 days. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at 10-14 days. Female occasionally produces 2 broodsClick word for definition/yr.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPBW01240
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.