7-8" (18-20 cm). Gray above, lighter grayish-brown to breast, and orange belly. Dark eyes and bill. Immatures have two rufous wing bars.
Similar Species- Eastern Phoebe, Vermillion Flycatcher.
A down-slurred whistle, pwe-whurr, occasionally followed by a higher trill.
Breeds from Alaska and portions of western Canada, south to central Mexico. Winters from northern California, northern Arizona, New Mexico, and southern Texas, south to Baja California and south-central mainland of Mexico.
Found in arid, open country such as shrub steppe, dry barren foothills, canyons, cliffs, and around ranches.
Eats insects (bees, wasps, ants, flies, beetles, butterflies, etc.) and other invertebrates (sow bugs, spiders, millipedes). Also feeds on some berries.
Builds cup-shaped nest on cliff, wall, bridge, or under eaves of buildings. forages by darting out from perch to capture prey in air; may also forage in foliage. Often Hovers in air.
Female incubates 3-7 eggs (usually 4-5), for 12-14 days. Young are altricial and downy, are tended by both parents, and leave nest in about 14 days. Male may tend first brood while female renests.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.