Sayornis saya
(Say's Phoebe)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Tyrannidae
Family Description: Tyrant Flycatchers

Physical Description:
7-8" (18-20 cm). Gray above, lighter grayish-brown to breast, and orange belly. Dark eyes and bill. Immatures have two rufousClick word for definition wing bars.

Similar Species- Eastern Phoebe, Vermillion Flycatcher.

Song:
A down-slurred whistle, pwe-whurr, occasionally followed by a higher trill.

Distribution:
Breeds from Alaska and portions of western Canada, south to central Mexico. Winters from northern California, northern Arizona, New Mexico, and southern Texas, south to Baja California and south-central mainland of Mexico.

Habitat:
Found in arid, open country such as shrub steppeClick word for definition, dry barren foothills, canyons, cliffs, and around ranches.

Diet:
Eats insects (bees, wasps, ants, flies, beetles, butterflies, etc.) and other invertebrates (sow bugs, spiders, millipedes). Also feeds on some berries.

Ecology:
Builds cup-shaped nest on cliff, wall, bridge, or under eaves of buildings. forages by darting out from perch to capture prey in air; may also forage in foliage. Often Hovers in air.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 3-7 eggs (usually 4-5), for 12-14 days. Young are altricialClick word for definition and downy, are tended by both parents, and leave nest in about 14 days. Male may tend first broodClick word for definition while female renests.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPAE35030
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5,NTMB
National Rank: N4N,N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Original images provided by Jeff Spendelow,© 2000
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.