Empidonax hammondii
(Hammond's Flycatcher)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Tyrannidae
Family Description: Tyrant Flycatchers

Physical Description:
Size: 5-5.5" (13-14cm). This Empidonax flycatcher is olive-gray above with a light throat, and breast and yellowish belly. Thin white eyering and wing bars. Bill narrower and shorter than other Empids. Flicks wings and tail more vigorously than other Empids.

Similar Species- Most Empidonax flycatchers are so similar in appearance that it is nearly impossible to tell them apart be sight alone without a bird in hand. Luckily, their songs and calls along with habitat are good diagnostics.

Song:
A thin Zee-beek! Also a buzzy Tzurrek! Note a thin Pip!

Distribution:
Breeds from east-central Alaska and western Canada, south through northwestern U.S. to east-central California, eastern Nevada, Utah, northeastern Arizona, western Colorado and north-central New Mexico. Winters from southeastern Arizona, south through highlands of Mexico to portions of Central America.

Habitat:
Found in coniferousClick word for definition forests and woodlands. During migrationClick word for definition and in winter, found in deserts and scrub, and in pine and pine/oak associations. In preliminary results of Idaho-Montana study, Hammond's Flycatchers were found to be old-growth associates in Douglas-fir/ponderosa pine forests.

Diet:
Eats insects such as beetles, moths, flies, bees, and wasps.

Ecology:
Builds cup-shaped nest in coniferous (sometimes deciduousClick word for definition) tree. Hunts from perch.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 2-4 eggs for 15 days. Young are tended by both adults, and leave nest 17-18 days after hatching.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPAE33080
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5
National Rank: N5B,NZN

Important State References:
Hejl, S.J. and R.E. Woods. 1990. Bird assemblages in old-growth and rotation-aged Douglas-fir/Ponderosa pine stands in the northern Rocky Mountains: a preliminary assessment. Pp. 93-100 in D.M. Baumgartner and J.E. Lotan, eds., Proceedings of a Symposium on Interior Douglas-fir: the species and its management. Feb. 27, 1990, Spokane WA.


Photo by C. S. Robbins,© 2002
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.