Tyrannus tyrannus
(Eastern Kingbird)

Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Tyrannidae
Family Description: Tyrant Flycatchers

Physical Description:
8-9" (20-23 cm). White below; blackish head and tail, dusky back and wings. Tail is white tipped, wings have slight white edging.

Similar Species- Western Kingbird

A series of kit-kit-kit that speeds up and then has a two-noted, higher pitched ending.

Breeds across portions of Canada, south to northeastern California, Utah, New Mexico, Gulf Coast, and Florida. Winters in portions of South America.

Found in forest edges, open situations with scattered trees and shrubs, cultivated lands with bushes and fencerows, and parks. In Idaho, usually associated with riparianClick word for definition zones.

Eats mainly insects, but will also eat seeds and small fruits.

Forages in air, on ground, or on water surface. Builds cup-shaped nest, usually midway in tree; may nest on fence post or stump. Will harass larger birds, and defend nest against humans.

Female incubatesClick word for definition 3-5 eggs for 12-13 days (perhaps longer). Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at about 13-14 days. Parents continue to feed young for up to 5 additional wk.

Element Code: ABPAE52060
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.

Photos by Marcus Martin and George Jameson, ©2002
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.