Tyrannus tyrannus
(Eastern Kingbird)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Tyrannidae
Family Description: Tyrant Flycatchers

Physical Description:
8-9" (20-23 cm). White below; blackish head and tail, dusky back and wings. Tail is white tipped, wings have slight white edging.

Similar Species- Western Kingbird

Song:
A series of kit-kit-kit that speeds up and then has a two-noted, higher pitched ending.

Distribution:
Breeds across portions of Canada, south to northeastern California, Utah, New Mexico, Gulf Coast, and Florida. Winters in portions of South America.

Habitat:
Found in forest edges, open situations with scattered trees and shrubs, cultivated lands with bushes and fencerows, and parks. In Idaho, usually associated with riparianClick word for definition zones.

Diet:
Eats mainly insects, but will also eat seeds and small fruits.

Ecology:
Forages in air, on ground, or on water surface. Builds cup-shaped nest, usually midway in tree; may nest on fence post or stump. Will harass larger birds, and defend nest against humans.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 3-5 eggs for 12-13 days (perhaps longer). Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at about 13-14 days. Parents continue to feed young for up to 5 additional wk.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPAE52060
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Photos by Marcus Martin and George Jameson, ©2002
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.