Ixoreus naevius
(Varied Thrush)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Turdidae
Family Description: Thrushes, Solitaires and Bluebirds

Physical Description:
9-10" (23-25 cm). Gray-black above with orange eyebrow and wing bars. Orange below with gray-black necklace and scaling on flanks. Female paler; immature has incomplete necklace.

Similar Species- American Robin

Song:
Two long eerie, quavering notes, second one higher than first after a long pause.

Distribution:
Breeds from portions of Alaska and western Canada, south to northwestern Montana, northern Idaho, Washington, most of Oregon, and extreme northwestern California. Winters from southern Alaska, southern British Columbia, and northern Idaho, south through Washington, Oregon and California to northern Baja California. Wanders widely in central and northeastern North America.

Habitat:
Found in humid, coastal and interior montane coniferousClick word for definition forests, deciduousClick word for definition forests with dense understory, and tall shrubs (especially alder). During migrationClick word for definition and in winter, also found in open woodlands and chaparralClick word for definition. Northern Idaho study conducted in hemlock/grand fir forests found this species associated with older conifer stands.

Diet:
Eats insects, earthworms, seeds, and berries.

Ecology:
Builds nest in small conifer, usually against trunk. Feeds in trees or forages on ground.

Reproduction:
clutchClick word for definition size varies from 2-5 eggs, but is usually 3-4. Incubation lasts about 14 days. Nestlings are altricialClick word for definition.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPBJ22010
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5
National Rank: N5

Important State References:
Peterson, S.R. 1982. A preliminary survey of forest bird communities in northern Idaho. Northwest Sci. 56:287-298.


Photo by Stuart Tingley
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.