Catharus guttatus
(Hermit Thrush)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Turdidae
Family Description: Thrushes, Solitaires and Bluebirds

Physical Description:
6 1/2-8" (17-20 cm). Brownish-olive above with tail more rusty; eye-ring whitish. Whitish below with brownish spotting. Often flicks tail.

Similar Species- Swainson's Thrush and Veery

Song:
Eerie song begins with a long, clear whistle followed by flute-like warbles. Often changes pitch from one rendition to the next.

Distribution:
Breeds from portions of Alaska and Canada, south to southern California, western Texas, northern Minnesota, northeastern Ohio, and Virginia. Winters from southern British Columbia, southern Ontario, and northern U.S., south to southern Baja California, Central America, Texas, and Gulf Coast.

Habitat:
Found in open, humid, coniferousClick word for definition and mixed forests and forest edges; in dry, sandy, sparse jackpine; and, less frequently, in deciduousClick word for definition forests and thickets. During migrationClick word for definition and in winter, also found in chaparralClick word for definition, riparianClick word for definition woodlands, arid pine/oak, and desert scrub. Preliminary results of northern Idaho study found abundance was higher in selectively harvested stands than in continuous old-growth stands.

Diet:
Eats insects, other invertebrates, and some small fruits.

Ecology:
Builds cup-shaped nest, frequently in moist situations, on ground or low in tree or shrub. Forages on ground. May also take food from foliage, or hover while foraging.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 3-4 eggs (usually) for 12-13 days. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at 10-12 days.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPBJ18110
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4,NTMB
National Rank: N5

Important State References:
Hejl, S.J. and L.C. Paige. 1993. Birds in continuous and fragmented forests of western red cedar/western hemlock in northern Idaho: a preliminary assessment. Draft manuscript, Inter. Res. Sta., USDA Forest Service, Missoula. 18pp.


Photo by C. S. Robbins. ©2002.
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.