6-7 1/2" (15-19 cm). Yellow head, underparts, and rump; face washed with red; black wings, back, and tail; wings have two pale yellow bars. Female similar, but minus red wash on face.
Similar Species- Female orioles
Similar to the American Robin's song, but brusker.
Breeds from southeastern Alaska, east through western Canada, and south through western U.S. to northern Baja California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, Arizona, southern New Mexico, and western Texas. Winters from southern Baja California and central mainland of Mexico, south to portions of Central America (rarely southern US.).
Breeds mostly in coniferous and mixed mountain woodlands. Migrates and winters in variety of forest, woodland, scrub and partly-open habitats. Preliminary results of Idaho-Montana study indicated species favored old growth over rotation-aged stands in Douglas-fir/ponderosa pine habitats.
Feeds on variety of insects and fruits.
Nests on horizontal branch of coniferous (occasionally deciduous) tree.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Hejl, S.J. and R.E. Woods. 1990. Bird assemblages in old-growth and rotation-aged Douglas-fir/Ponderosa pine stands in the northern Rocky Mountains: a preliminary assessment. Pp. 93-100 in D.M. Baumgartner and J.E. Lotan, eds., Proceedings of a Symposium on Interior Douglas-fir: the species and its management. Feb. 27, 1990, Spokane WA.