5-5 1/2" (13-14 cm). Green crown and back often overlaid with a purple gloss in males; white face and underparts; bronze wings; white rump; dark bronze, slightly forked tail.
Similar Species- White-throated Swift, Tree Swallow
High, whistled dee-chip.
Breeds from portions of Alaska and western Canada, south through Montana and portions of Great Plains to southern baja California and northern mainland of Mexico; also breeds south through Colorado to western Texas. Winters from portions of California, south through interior Mexico to portions of Central America.
Found in open forest (coniferous, deciduous or mixed), and in woodlands (primarily in highlands, but frequently at low elevations in northern range). During migration and in winter, also found in meadows, fields and watercourses, more commonly in highland regions.
Feeds on flying insects (e.g., flies, leafhoppers, ants, wasps, bees, beetles, moths, midges, and mayflies).
Forages over ponds, fields, and wooded areas, catching prey in flight. May occasionally forage on ground, on accumulations of insects. Nests in cavity in tree. May form loose nesting colonies if nest sites are abundant. Arizona study found 2.5-15 breeding pairs/40 ha in northern part of state; up to 50 pairs/40 ha in thinned forest with added nest boxes.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.