5-6" (13-15 cm). Males have metallic blue to blue-green above and white below. Females are brown above. Have a slightly notched tail.
Similar Species- Violet-green, Bank, and Northern Rough-winged swallows.
Liquid twew-twew-twew variations.
Breeds from western Alaska to Newfoundland, south to southern California, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico, and east to portions of southeastern United States. Winters primarily from southern California and extreme southern U.S., south through Mexico to portions of Central America.
Found in open situations near water, including streams, lakes, ponds, marshes and coastal regions, savannas, and pastures.
Eats insects and spiders. Occasionally eats some seeds and fruits.
Forages in air or on ground. Nests in cavity in standing snag. Nests alone or in loose colony. Many individuals may congregate where food is abundant, or form roosts when weather is cold. When not breeding, flocks may contain thousands of individuals.
Egg are laid late April to late June in southern range, and early May to mid-June in north. Female (typically) incubates 4-6 eggs for 13-16 days. Nestlings are altricial and downy. Young are tended by both sexes, leave nest 16-24 days after hatching, and receive little parental care after that. Species is generally monogamous, but sometimes polygynous if food is superabundant. Inclement weather and resulting scarcity of food may result in high nestling mortality in some years.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.