Stelgidopteryx serripennis
(Northern Rough-winged Swallow)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Hirundinidae
Family Description: Swallows

Physical Description:
5-5 3/4" (13-15 cm). Light brown above and whitish below with dusky throat; short, notched tail.

Similar Species- Bank Swallow, immature Tree Swallow

Song:
A trilled Brrrrt.

Distribution:
Breeds from southeastern Alaska (rarely) and southern Canad, south through U.S., Mexico, and portions of Central America to Costa Rica. Winters from southern Texas, southern Louisiana, and southern Flroida, south through breeding range to Panama.

Habitat:
Found in open and partly- open situations, especially along watercourses with steep banks and roadside cuts.

Diet:
Eats insects (e.g., flies, wasps, bees, and beetles).

Ecology:
Swoops low over open ground or water to obtain food. May occasionally scavenge on ground. Burrows in or uses soil for nest. Nests singly or in small, scattered groups. May form loose colonies. sometimes nests in Bank Swallow colonies.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 4-8 eggs (usually 6-7), for 15-16 days. Nestlings are altricialClick word for definition, are tended by both adults, and leave nest when 18-21 days old. Female will re-lay if first nestling attempt fails.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPAU07010
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5,NTMB
National Rank: N5B,N5N

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Photo by J. A. Spendelow
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.