Chondestes grammacus
(Lark Sparrow)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Emberizidae
Family Description: Blackbirds, Orioles, & Sparrows

Physical Description:
5 1/2-6 3/4" (14-17 cm). Delicately marked, light-colored sparrow. Chestnut and white striped head with a dark, thin eye stripe. buffClick word for definition below with dark chest spot; chestnut, black, and white mottled above; dark tail with white corners. Immature has streaked breast and no chest spot.

Similar Species- Vesper Sparrow

Song:
Song is a combination of 4-5 different trills and burry notes.

Distribution:
Breeds from western Oregon, eastern Washington, southern British Columbia, southern Prairie Provinces, and portions of upper Midwest, south to portions of southwestern and southeastern U.S. Winters in southern U.S., south through Mexico, and casually south to El Salvador.

Habitat:
Found in open situations with scattered bushes and trees such as prairies, forest edges, cultivated areas, orchards, fields with bushy borders, and savannas.

Diet:
Feeds on seeds and insects (especially grasshoppers).

Ecology:
gregariousClick word for definition. Builds cup- shaped nest, usually in depression on ground, but may also nest in shrub or crevice in rock. Female may engage in distraction displays. Individuals forage on ground, often in small flocksClick word for definition, and are seen in flocks, especially during winter.

Reproduction:
clutchClick word for definition initiation peaks in early May in southern range, early June in north. Female incubatesClick word for definition 3-6 eggs (usually 4- 5), for about 12 days. Young leave nest at 9-10 days, and are able to fly short distances at that time. Males may be polygynousClick word for definition.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPBX96010
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.