Length 6.5". Brownish-gray above with a rich buffy breast and belly, and faint streaks on chest. White outer tail feathers. Walks in open ground, rather than hopping. Rear toenail elongated.
Similar species- Horned Lark, Sprague's Pipit.
Flight call is a sharp "pip-pipit", the song is a series of rapid "cheedle" notes.
Breeds in arctic tundra and mountains of North America. Winters (primarily coastally) from British Columbia, east to New York, and south through southern U.S. to Guatemala. Nests in alpine conditions on Sawtell Peak and the mountains to the east of Henry's Lake in eastern Idaho.
Species feeds on insects, spiders, mites, mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic worms.
Builds cup-shaped nest on ground under rock or vegetation. Forms large flocks in winter. Forages while walking along open ground, or on mud flats and marshes. Also wades through shallow pools in tidal flats.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.