3 3/4-4 1/2" (10-11 cm). Olive gray with black and white wing bars and on tail; more yellowish below and paler on throat; white eye-ring. Males have red crown patch.
Similar Species- Golden-crowned Kinglet, Hutton's Vireo
Song begins with several high, thin notes followed by a few lower notes and then a rising warble.
Breeds from northwestern Alaska, east across portions of Canada, and south to central New Mexico and southern California. Winters from southern British Columbia, Virginia, and Indiana, south to southern Florida, Gulf Coast, and through Mexico to Guatemala.
Found in coniferous forests and woodlands. During migration and in winter, found in deciduous woodlands, shrubs and thickets. May also be found in old fields, gardens, yards, and parks. Northern Idaho study conducted in hemlock-grand fir found this species associated with older conifer stands.
Feeds primarily on insects and other small invertebrates (e.g., wasps, ants, beetles, moths, spiders, and pseudoscorpions). Will also eat some berries and seeds and drink sap.
Builds hanging nest on tree limb. Forages at branch tips in trees and often in shrubs. Captures aerial prey. May hover while foraging. Seen in scattered groups in association with other species (e.g., Golden- crowned Kinglets, nuthatches, and chickadees).
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Peterson, S.R. 1982. A preliminary survey of forest bird communities in northern Idaho. Northwest Sci. 56:287-298.