8-11" (20-28 cm). Yellow extends from top of head down to nape and breast; washed with read around black encircled eyes. Remainder of body is black. Female is brown with wash of yellow on breast and behind eye.
Similar Species- Male Bobolink, Horned Lark
Song a loud, raspy note following two softer whistles. Call a low chuck.
Breeds from central-interior British Columbia, east to extreme western Ontario and northwestern Ohio, and south to southern California, northeastern Baja California, New Mexico, northern Texas, northern Missouri, and northwestern Ohio. Winters from central California, central Arizona, southern New Mexico, and Texas, south to portions of Mexico, and casually to Costa Rica.
Found in freshwater marshes of cattail, tule, or bulrushes. During migration and in winter, also found in open cultivated lands, pastures, and fields.
Feeds on insects, seeds, and grain.
Builds cup-shaped nest in reeds over water. Searches for food while walking along ground or perched on seed- bearing plant; also forages in fields and on muddy ground near water. gregarious; often found with much larger flocks of Red-winged Blackbirds in winter. Territorial; may exclude Marsh Wrens from breeding areas (Marsh Wrens may disrupt some nesting attempts).
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.