11-13 1/2" (28-34 cm). Black head, tail and underparts; back, wings, and flanks are Iridescent. Have yellow eyes and long tail.
Similar Species- Great-tailed Grackle, Brewer's Blackbird
Hoarse, creaking call like a rusty hinge.
Breeds from northeastern British Columbia, east across portions of Canada, south to southern Texas, Gulf Coast, and southern Florida, and west to Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico. Winters from Kansas, southern Great Lakes region, New England and Nova Scotia, south to southeastern New Mexico, southern Texas, Gulf Coast, and Florida. Breeder in urban areas of southeastern Idaho; invaded Idaho successfully as a nester in 1970's.
Eats various invertebrates, grain, seeds, fruits, sometimes small vertebrates, and birds' eggs.
Builds cup-shaped nest, frequently in tree, but sometimes in shrub or human-built structure. Nests usually in loose colonies. Forages on ground, in shrubs and trees, and in shallow water. roosts communially in large flocks (sometimes greater than 100,000 individuals) in summer and fall in northeastern U.S.; often roosts with starlings.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Taylor, D.M. and C.H. Trost. 1985. The Common Grackle in Idaho. Am. Birds 39:217-218.