6-8" (15-20 cm). Adult male black except for buffy yellow hindneck, white rump, and white scapulars. Females, non-breeding males, and immatures are buff-yellow overall with dark streaks on back; also dark crown stripes and line behind eye.
Similar Species- Female Red-winged Blackbird, Savannah Sparrow, male Lark Bunting
Song starts with low reedy notes and rolls upward. Some can hear the bird's own name in the song: bob-o-LINK.
Breeds from southern British Columbia, east across southern Canada to Nova Scotia, south to Oregon, Utah, portions of Midwest and New Jersey, and locally to Tennessee and North Carolina. Winters in central and southern South America.
Found in tall-grass areas, flooded meadows, prairies, deep cultivated grains, and hayfields. During migration and in winter, also found in rice fields, marshes, and open, woody areas. Nests locally in wheat fields in Idaho.
Eats mainly seeds, but will also eat insects and grain.
Builds cup-shaped nest on ground. Forages on ground, or may take insects from foliage. When not breeding, often found in large flocks.
Female incubates 4-7 eggs (usually 5-6), for 11-13 days. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at 10-14 days (before they are able to fly). In some areas, females may produce second, unsuccessful clutch after first brood fledges.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.