Dolichonyx oryzivorus
(Bobolink)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Icteridae
Family Description: Blackbirds, Orioles, & Meadowlarks

Physical Description:
6-8" (15-20 cm). Adult male black except for buffyClick word for definition yellow hindneck, white rump, and white scapulars. Females, non-breeding males, and immatures are buffClick word for definition-yellow overall with dark streaks on back; also dark crownClick word for definition stripes and line behind eye.

Similar Species- Female Red-winged Blackbird, Savannah Sparrow, male Lark Bunting

Song:
Song starts with low reedy notes and rolls upward. Some can hear the bird's own name in the song: bob-o-LINK.

Distribution:
Breeds from southern British Columbia, east across southern Canada to Nova Scotia, south to Oregon, Utah, portions of Midwest and New Jersey, and locally to Tennessee and North Carolina. Winters in central and southern South America.

Habitat:
Found in tall-grass areas, flooded meadows, prairies, deep cultivated grains, and hayfields. During migrationClick word for definition and in winter, also found in rice fields, marshes, and open, woody areas. Nests locally in wheat fields in Idaho.

Diet:
Eats mainly seeds, but will also eat insects and grain.

Ecology:
Builds cup-shaped nest on ground. Forages on ground, or may take insects from foliage. When not breeding, often found in large flocks.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 4-7 eggs (usually 5-6), for 11-13 days. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at 10-14 days (before they are able to fly). In some areas, females may produce second, unsuccessful clutchClick word for definition after first broodClick word for definition fledgesClick word for definition.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPBXA9010
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.