8-10" (20-25 cm). Male has red head, breast, and back; dark tail. Gray, black, and white bars on wings; black eye with indistinct black line. Female and immature has chestnut crown and rump, gray elsewhere with black and white bars on wings.
Similar Species- White-winged Crossbill
Warbling with little variation in pitch (only 3 notes).
Breeds from western Alaska, east across northern Canada to Newfoundland, and south to central California, northern New Mexico, northern Alberta, central Manitoba, central Maine, and Nova Scotia. Winters from western Alaska and portions of western and southern Canada, south through breeding range.
Found in open coniferous (less commonly mixed coniferous/deciduous) forests and forest edges. During migration and in winter, also found in deciduous forests, woodlands, second growth, and shrubbery.
Feeds on wide variety of seeds. Also eats fruits and insects.
Builds cup-shaped nest, usually in coniferous tree, but may nest in shrub. Takes food from foliage or ground. gregarious; may gather in flocks of up to 100 birds.
Female incubates 2-6 eggs (usually 4), for 13-14 days. Young leave nest about 20 days after hatching.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.