21 1/2-27" (55-69 cm). A large, all black bird with a large bill, long wings, and long, wedge-shaped tail.
Similar Species- Chihuahuan Raven, American Crow
A loud, low, croaking krock.
Resident from northernmost North America, south to southern Baja California, Nicaragua, and Texas. Also resident east of Rockies from southern Saskatchewan, northeastern Minnesota, northern Michigan, and northern New England, south to Appalachians and (locally) northern Georgia.
Found in various situations from lowlands to mountains, open country to forested regions, and humid regions to deserts, but found most frequently in hilly or mountainous areas, especially in vicinity of cliffs.
Opportunistic; commonly eats birds' eggs and young rodents, some fruits, cereal grains, and insects. In some areas, species is largely a scavenger on various animals.
Builds cup-shaped nest in tree, on cliff, or on human-built structure. Forages on ground. Caches food. May hunt in groups. roosts communally in winter. Southwestern Idaho study found ravens spent 54% of day in agricultural land, 23% in shrub, 13% in grass, and 6% in riparian habitat.
Female incubates 3-7 eggs (usually 3-6), for 18-21 days. Male feeds female during incubation. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest in 5-6 wk.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Engel, K.A. and L.S. Young. 1992. Movements and habitat use by common ravens from roost sites in southwestern Idaho. J. Wildl. Manage. 56:596-602.