Corvus brachyrhynchos
(American Crow)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Corvidae
Family Description: Crows and Jays

Physical Description:
17-21" (43-53 cm). Black overall with stubby bill and legs; tail squared and slightly fan-shaped.

Similar Species- Northwestern Crow, Common and Chihuahuan ravens

Song:
A slightly descending caw.

Distribution:
Breeds across portions of Canada, south to northern Baja California, Texas, Gulf Coast, and southern Florida. Winters from southern Canada, south throughout breeding range.

Habitat:
Found in open and partly- open country (primarily in humid situations), including agricultural lands, suburban areas, orchards, and tidal flats. Restricted mostly to riparianClick word for definition forests and adjacent areas in arid regions. Generally avoids dense coniferousClick word for definition forests and deserts.

Diet:
Eats various small vertebrates, invertebrates, carrion, grain, and fruits.

Ecology:
Builds cup-shaped nest in tree, occasionally in shrub. May form small breeding colonies and roostClick word for definition communally in winter. Forages on ground. May cooperatively forage and cache food.

Reproduction:
Both sexes incubateClick word for definition 3- 7 eggs (usually 4-6), for about 18 days. Young are tended by both parents, and first fly at 4-5 wk. Females produce 1 or 2 broodsClick word for definition annually. yearlingsClick word for definition may help dominant pair breed.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPAV10010
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5
National Rank: N5B,N5N

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Photos by Peter S. Weber,© 2000 and Jeff Spendelow,© 1999
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.