Baeolophus inornatus
(Juniper Titmouse)


Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Paridae
Family Description: Chickadees and Titmice

Physical Description:
5-5 3/4" (13-15 cm). Entirely gray with a crested head.

Similar Species- Bridled Titmouse

Song:
Song is a quick, clear, three syllable whickity-whickity-whickity. Call is similar to the chickadee's.

Distribution:
Resident from southern Oregon, Nevada, southeastern Idaho, southwestern Wyoming, and south-central Colorado, south to Baja California, extreme northeastern Sonora, central and southeastern Arizona, central New Mexico, and western Texas.

Habitat:
Found in pinyon/juniper, and juniper and oak woodlands.

Diet:
Feeds on acorns, juniper seeds, pinyon nuts, fruits, leaf galls, and weed seeds. Will also eat invertebrates, including beetles, leafhoppers, caterpillars, flies, ants, and spiders.

Ecology:
Takes food from vegetation and from bark, usually low to moderately high in bushes and trees, but sometimes on ground. Often seen in mixed-species foraging flocksClick word for definition. Nests in natural or excavated cavity in tree or standing snag. During nesting, may defend territory of 1.2-4.9 ha. In Idaho, spends the winter on territory caching, then pecking open juniper seeds.

Reproduction:
Female incubatesClick word for definition 6-8 eggs for 14-16 days. Young are tended by both parents, leave nest in about 3 wk, and remain with parents for 3-4 additional wk. Adult pair may remain together for 2 or more yr.

Conservation:
Element Code: ABPAW01100
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.


Photo by C. Trost. ©1999.
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.