Baeolophus inornatus
(Juniper Titmouse)

Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Paridae
Family Description: Chickadees and Titmice

Physical Description:
5-5 3/4" (13-15 cm). Entirely gray with a crested head.

Similar Species- Bridled Titmouse

Song is a quick, clear, three syllable whickity-whickity-whickity. Call is similar to the chickadee's.

Resident from southern Oregon, Nevada, southeastern Idaho, southwestern Wyoming, and south-central Colorado, south to Baja California, extreme northeastern Sonora, central and southeastern Arizona, central New Mexico, and western Texas.

Found in pinyon/juniper, and juniper and oak woodlands.

Feeds on acorns, juniper seeds, pinyon nuts, fruits, leaf galls, and weed seeds. Will also eat invertebrates, including beetles, leafhoppers, caterpillars, flies, ants, and spiders.

Takes food from vegetation and from bark, usually low to moderately high in bushes and trees, but sometimes on ground. Often seen in mixed-species foraging flocksClick word for definition. Nests in natural or excavated cavity in tree or standing snag. During nesting, may defend territory of 1.2-4.9 ha. In Idaho, spends the winter on territory caching, then pecking open juniper seeds.

Female incubatesClick word for definition 6-8 eggs for 14-16 days. Young are tended by both parents, leave nest in about 3 wk, and remain with parents for 3-4 additional wk. Adult pair may remain together for 2 or more yr.

Element Code: ABPAW01100
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.

Photo by C. Trost. ©1999.
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.