5-5 1/2" (13-14 cm). Brown crown, black eye-stripe, white cheeks, gray nape, black throat. Brown back; brownish-red flanks; gray wings and tail; white breast.
Similar Species- Chestnut-backed, Black- capped, and Mountain chickadees.
A lazy shick-a-day-day.
Resident from western and central Alaska, east to northern Saskatchewan and Labrador, and south to Washington, Montana, Minnesota, and northern New England. Wanders irregularly south after breeding season.
Found in boreal coniferous and mixed forests, in muskeg bogs, in vicinity of white cedar and hemlock swamps, and in birches and streamside willows. In Idaho, prefers open, subalpine forests in northern part of state, but is also found in low, dense montane forests.
Eats conifer and birch seeds, and eggs, immature stages, and adults of insects.
Nests in natural or excavated cavity in tree or standing snag. Forages in foliage. Forms mixed-species flocks in winter.
Female incubates 4-9 eggs (usually 6-7), for 11-16 days. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest at 18 days.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Taylor, D.M. and C.H. Trost. 1987. The status of rare birds in Idaho. Murrelet 68:69-93.