8 1/2-10 1/2" (22-27 cm). Colorfully camouflaged. Cinnamon wings, breast, and neck; back cinnamon with black mottling; darker brown-black and white barred flanks. Gray cheeks and red eyes. Long, slender, orange bill slightly downcurved. Immatures are darker with more black.
Similar Species- Clapper Rail, Sora, Yellow Rail, Black Rail
Calls include grunts, squeaks, and rapidly descending notes: Wak-wak-wak.
Breeds locally from southern British Columbia to Newfoundland, and south to northwestern Baja California, southern Arizona, west-central Texas, Missouri, Ohio, North Carolina, central Mexico, and South America. Winters from southern British Columbia to northern Baja California, and north to Gulf Coast and North Carolina.
Eats insects and other invertebrates, seeds of aquatic plants, and duckweed.
Builds nest in vegetation, usually in dry area, but occasionally over mud or water. Probes into mud with bill.
Lays clutch of 5-12 eggs (from April to June on West Coast, May to June or July in central and middle Atlantic and northern states). Incubation lasts about 20 days. Both sexes incubate eggs and tend young, which leave nest soon after hatching.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.