20-26" (50-66 cm). Gray all over; lighter below with fine black streaks on breast. White tips on longish tail; lighter eyebrows. Red eyes and yellow-orange feet. Immatures brown above, paler below with heavy brown streaks; yellow eyes and feet; tail has wavy blackish and gray bands. Juveniles have a white eyeline.
Similar Species- Cooper's, and Sharp-shinned hawks, Gyrfalcon
Breeds from western and central Alaska, east to northeastern Manitoba, Labrador, and Newfoundland, and south to central California, southeastern Arizona, eastern foothills of Rockies, southern Manitoba, New England, and Appalachians; breeds locally in Mexico. Winters throughout breeding range and irregularly south to northern Mexico.
Eats mainly rabbits, squirrels, ducks, and upland game birds; local diet depends partly on availability.
Builds stick nest in coniferous or deciduous tree. Nests are usually 2 km or more apart, but may be as close as 0.8 km. Tends to hunt low in forest canopy; most hunting is conducted from perch. From 1980-1990, 34 goshawk territories were identified on Targhee National Forest. Nests were in dense stands of old-growth coniferous timber with high canopy cover. Timber harvest activities may be negatively affecting occupancy rates of goshawks.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Patla, S. 1991. Northern Goshawk monitoring project report #2. USDA Targhee National Forest, St. Anthony. 42 pp.