A Panorama of Idaho
Bice, D. A., & Blakey, E. S., (1988). A panorama of Idaho. Walsworth Publishing Company, Inc.
A Rendezvouz With
Dutton, D., & Humphries, C., (1994). A rendezvouz with Idaho history. Sterling Ties Publications.
Journey of Lewis and Clark
Eide, I. H., (1969). American odyssey-the journey of Lewis and Clark. Chicago, Rand McNally & Company.
An Introduction to
Flintworking, Second Edition
Crabtree, D. E., (1982). An introduction to flintworking, second edition. Pocatello, Idaho Museum of Natural History, p 57.
Atlas of Idaho's Wildlife
Groves, C. R., Butterfield, B., Lippincott, A., Csuti, B., & Scott, J. M.; Lippincott, A.editor (1997). Atlas of Idaho's wildlife. The Idaho Department of Fish and Game, The Nature Conservancy, & Idaho Gap Analysis Project, joint publishers. -Biology section: amphibian, reptile, bird, and mammal base information.
A Nature Activity Book
Field, N., & Machlis, S. (1984). Discovering salmon: a nature activity book. Middleton, WI: Dog-Eared Publications. -Fisheries, activities, coloring book, and exercises sections (Dog-Eared Publications, P.O.Box 620863, Middleton,WI 53562. Phone/FAX (608) 631-1410 or toll free 888-364-3277. E-mail: email@example.com. Web site: http://www.dog-eared.com.)
Eastern Idaho Guidebook
Hughes, S. S., & Thackray, G. D., editors (1999). Guidebook to the geology of eastern Idaho. Pocatello: Idaho Museum of Natural History. -Geology section. ISBN 0-937834-64-5
Berg, L. R., Johnson, G. B., & Raven, P. H., (1993). Environment. Saunders College Publishing, p 569.
Freedman, B., (1995). Environmental ecology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Experiment in Flintworking
Crabtree, D. E., (1971).Experiment in flintworking. Pocatello, ID: Idaho Museum of Natural History, p 104.
Exploring Idaho Geology
Maley, T. (1987). Exploring Idaho geology. Boise, ID: Mineral Land Publications. -Geology section. Chapters: Bonneville Flood, Borah Peak Earthquake, Bruneau Sand Dunes, Caves in Idaho, Earthquakes, Fossils of Idaho, Glaciation in Idaho, Gooding City of Rocks, Great Rift System, Groundwater, Hot Springs in Idaho, Introduction to Fossils, Mass Movement, Mineral Deposits, Oakley Quartzite, Orbicular Rocks in Idaho, Origin of Mountains, Phosphate Resources in Southeastern Idaho, Glacer Deposits, Rocks, Running Water, Sampling and Evaluation of Gold Placers, Snake River Gold, Structural Geology, Weathering
Fishes of Idaho
Simpson, James C., & Wallace,Richard L. (1982). Fishes of Idaho. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho Press. -Geography section. Fisheries: Text for the drainage history, and for the fish type descriptions as well as the fish type range maps, and some terms in the fishery glossary are used with permission.
General United States
Seaber, P.R., Kapinos, F.P., & Knapp, G.L., (1987). General United States HUC Information. -Hydrology section. HUC: Adapted from , Hydrologic Unit Maps: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2294, 63 p.
Active Earth by the National Wildlife Federation
Bishop, G., Ed., (1997). Geology, The active earth by the national wildlife federation. New York, NY: Learning Triangle Press.
Alean, J., & Hambrey, M., (1992). Glaciers: New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Glaciers and the
Haeberli, W., & Wallen, C.C., (1992). Glaciers and the environment. Oxford, England: United Nations Environmental Programme.
of American Ethnic Groups
Thernstrom, S., editor (1980). Harvard encyclopedia of american ethnic groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. -Historical Geography section. Immigration and Emigration.
along the Oregon Trail
Haines, A. L., (1981). Historic sites along the oregon trail. Gerald, MO: The Patrice Press.
History of Idaho
Beal, M., D., & Wells, M., W. (1959). History of Idaho. New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., Vol 1.
Idaho A State Of
Cauble, C. & Shirley, G., Eds., (1989). Idaho a state of mind. Helena, MT: Falcon Press.
Idaho's Ethnic Heritage
Mercier, Laurie, Simon-Smolinski, Carole, (1990). Idaho's ethnic oeritage: oistorical overviews. Boise, ID. -Historical Geography section. Immigration and Emigration.
of the Mountains
Hart, A. A., and Wells, M., (1985). Idaho: gem of the mountains. Northridge, CA: Windsor Publications, Inc.
Idaho Loners, Hermits,
Solitaries and Individualists
Conley, C., (1994). Idaho loners, hermits, solitaries and individualists. Bookcrafters, Inc., p 322.
Gnass, J., (1989). Idaho magnificent wilderness. Englewood, Colorado: Westcliffe Publishers, Inc.
Idaho Soil Atlas
Barker, R. J., McDole, R. E., & Logan, G. H. (1983). Idaho soil atlas. Moscow, ID: The University Press of Idaho a division of The Idaho Research Foundation, Inc., ISBN 0-98301-088-X. Soils overview text and images used with permission.
Bruchac, J., (1992). Native american animal stories. Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing, p 135.
Natural Wonders of
Idaho: A Guide to Parks, Preserves & Wild Places
London, B., & Powell, C., (1994). Natural wonders of Idaho: a guide to parks, preserves & wild places. Castine, MA: Country Roads Press. -Historical Geography section. Public Lands and Recreation Areas. Introductory text and the following pages linked from the main public lands map (text only) are excerpted with permission. 1) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge, 2) Lucky Peak State Park, 3) Mowry State Park, 4) Packer John Historical Park [image and text also courtesy Idaho State Historical Society], 5) Sawtooth NRA, 6) Balanced Rock, 7) Shoshone Falls, 8) Silver Creek Preserve, 9) Shoshone Ice Caves, 10) Snake River Birds of Prey Natural Area,11) Lava Hot Springs, 12) Minnetonka Cave, 13) St. Anthony Sand Dunes, 14) Massacre Rocks.
North American Trees
Bun, B., (1984).North american trees. New York, NY: Crown Publishers, Inc.
Oregon The Way it Was
Culp, E., D., (1981). Oregon the way it was. The Caxton Printers, Ltd.
Eide, I. H., (1972). Oregon trail. Rand McNally & Company.
Pages of Stone; Geology of
Western National Parks & Monuments, Vol. 2
Chronic, H., (1986). Pages of stone; geology of western national parks & monuments, Vol. 2. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers.
Pioneers of the Old West
Hopkins, V., (1988). Pioneers of the old west. New York, NY: Crown Publishers, Inc.
Geology and Tectonic History of North America
Hoffman, P.F., (1989). Precambrian Geology and Tectonic History of North America. in Bally, A. W., and Palmer, A.R., ed., The Geology of North America; An overview: Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, vol A, p. 447-512.
Principles and Applications
Faure, G., (1991). Principles and applications of geochemistry. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. p 600.
Rocks of Central
Idaho-The Salmon River Arch and its role in Cordilleran Sedimentation and Tectonics
Armstrong, R.L.,(1975). Rocks of central Idaho-the salmon river arch and its role in cordilleran sedimentation and tectonics: American Journal of Science, v. 275-A, p. 437-467. Salmon River Arch, Precambrian (1500 m.y. old)
Rocks, Rails &
Link, P. K., & Phoenix, E. C., (1996). Rocks, rails & trails, second edition. Pocatello, ID: Idaho Museum of Natural History, 195 p., ISBN 0-937834-60-2.This module is a digital adaptation.
Derig, B. B., (1996). Roadside History of Idaho. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company.
Rivers of the West:
A Guide to the Geology and History
Orr, E. L., & Orr,W. N., (1985). Rivers of the west: a guide to the geology and history. Eagle Web Press. -Historical Geography section. Native Americans in Idaho. Pictograph/Petroglyph glossaries and map.
World of Wonders-Shake, Rattle, and Roll-The World's Most Amazing Volcanoes,
Earthquakes, and Other Forces
Christian, S., and Felix, A., (1997). Spencer christian's world of wonders-shake, rattle, and roll-the world's most amazing volcanoes, earthquakes, and other forces. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Structural and kinematic
analysis of the City of Rocks lobe of the Almo Pluton
Bandy, P.J., (1992). Structural and kinematic analysis of the city of rocks lobe of the almo pluton. Cassia Co., Idaho: An application of granite tectonics [M.S. thesis], Boise & Pocatello. Idaho: Boise State University & Idaho State University, 105 p. -Albion Range
The American Conservation
Fox, S., (1981). The american conservation movement. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
The American Frontier
Guyatt, J., (1980). The american frontier. St. Paul, MN: Greenhaven Press, Inc.
The Complete Book
Bremness, L., (1988). The complete book of herbs. New York, NY: Viking Studio Books.
The Idaho Heritage
Etulain, R. W., & Marley, B. W., editors (1974). The Idaho heritage. Pocatello, ID: Idaho State University Press. -Geography section. Essays: The Shoshoni Contribution to Lewis and Clark, Origins of the Name "Idaho" and How Idaho Became a Territory in 1863, Idaho's Indians Wars and The Nez Perce and Their War, Early Irrigation in the Boise Valley, The Coeur d'Alene Stampede, From Statehouse to Bull Pen, The Indians of Idaho, Lumbermen in Idaho.
The Look of
the Old West
Foster-Harris, (1955). The Look of the Old West. New York, The Viking Press.
The Oregon Trail
Franzwa,Gregory M, (1972). The Oregon Trail Revisited. Patrice Press, Inc.
Gilbert, Bil, (1973). The Trailblazers. Alexandria, Virginia, Time Life Books.
The West-An Illustrated
Commager, Henry Steele, (1976). The West-An Illustrated History. New York, NY, Exeter Books.
Hawke, David, Freeman, (1980). Those Tremendous Mountains. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, London
Billington, Ray Allen, (1967). Westward Expansion. The Macmillan Company, New York Collier-Macmillan Limited, London.
of the Pacific Northwest
Chipman, Art, (1970). Wildflower Trails of the Pacific Northwest. Medford, Oregon, Pine Cone Publishers.
Ferguson, Mary, and Saunders, Richard, (1976). Wildflowers. Toronto Canada, Van Nostrand Reinhold Ltd.
Forey, Pamela, (1990). Wildflowers. London, Dragon's World Ltd.
With the Nez Perces
Gay, E. Jane, (1981). With the Nez Perces. Alice Fletcher in the Field 1889-1892: University of Nebraska Press.
Just, Rick, 1990, Idaho Snapshots; Stories from the popular radio series: Meridian,
Idaho, Radio Idaho, p 114.
Kalman, Bobbie, 1999, Life in the Old West: New York, NY, Crabtree Publishing, Inc.
Keller, Edward A., 1996, Environmental Geology: Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall.
Knopf, Alfred A., 1954, The Eagle, the Jaguar, and the Serpent: Indian Art of the Americas: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
Lageson D.R. 1992, Possible Laramide influence on the Teton normal fault, western
Wyoming in Link, P.K, Kuntz, M.A., and Platt, L. B., editors, Regional Geology
of eastern Idaho and western Wyoming: Geological Society of America Memoir 179,
Laubin, Gladys, and Laubin, Reginald, 1980, American Indian Archery: University of Oklahoma Press, p 179.
Little, Elbert L., 1980, National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees: New York, NY, Chanticleer Press, Inc.
Litton, Evie, 1998, Hiking Hot Springs in the Pacific Northwest: Helena, MT, Falcon Publishing, Inc.
Londan, Bill, and Powell, Charlie, 1994, Natural Wonders of Idaho: A Guide to Parks, Preserves, and Wild Places: Castine, Maine, Country Roads Press, p 145.
Love, J.D., and Reed, J.C., Jr., 1968, Creation of the Teton Landscape: The Geologic Story of Grant Teton National Park: Grand Teton Natural History Association, Moose Wyoming, 83012, 120 p. References Tetons
Love, J.D., Reed., J.C., Jr., Christiansen, R.L., and Stacy, J.R., 1973 (reprinted 1981), Geologic block diagram and tectonic history of the Teton region, Wyoming-Idaho: U.S.Geological Survey Map I-730, reprinted bv Grand Teton Natural History Association, Moose, Wyoming. Reference Tetons
Love, J.D., Reed, J.C., Jr, and Christiansen, Ann Coe, 1992, Geologic Map of Grand Teton National Park, Teton County, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series, Map I-203 1, scale 1:62,500. Reference Tetons
Maley, Terry, 1987, Exploring Idaho Geology:Mineral Land Publications.
Miller, D.M., Armstrong, R.L., Compton, R.R., and Todd, V.R., 1982, Geology of the Albion-Raft River-Grouse Creek Mountains area: in Gurgel, K.D., ed., Geological excursion's in the overthrust belt and metamorphic core complexes of the Intermountain region: Utah Geological and Mineral Survey Special Studies no. 59, p. 1-62. Reference Albion Range
Morgan, Dale L., 1956, Rand McNally's Pioneer Atlas of the American West: Chicago, Illinois, Rand McNally & Company.
Newell, Helen M., 1975, Idaho's Place in the Sun: Boise, ID., Syms-York
Company, p 180.
Orr, Elizabeth L., and Orr, William N., 1985, Rivers of the West: Salem, Oregon,
Eagle Web Press.
Orr, Margaret C., and Orr, Robert T., 1974, Wildflowers of Western North America: New York, NY, Chanticleer Press, Inc.
Parker, Steve, and Parker, Jane, 1997, Collecting Fossils-Hold Prehistory in
the Palm of Your Hand: New York, NY, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Parkman, Francis,1943,The Oregon trail:The Heritage Press, New York.
Rae, John, 1994, American Indian Fairy Tales: New Jersey, Random House Value Publishing, Inc. p 119.
Rawlins, Jennie B., 1963, Exploring Idaho's Past: Salt Lake City, Utah, Deseret Book Company.
Robertson, Frank, C. 1950,A Ram in the Thicket:Universtiy of Idaho Press.
Schwantes, Carlos Arnaldo, 1996, So Incredibly Idaho: Moscow, ID, University of Idaho Press.
Simpson, James, and Wallace, Richard, 1982, Fishes of Idaho: Moscow, ID, University of Idaho Press, p 238.
Smith, R.B., Byrd, J.O.D.., and Susong, D.D., 1990, Neotectonics and structural evolution of the Teton fault: in Roberts, Shiela, editor, Geologic Field Tours of Western Wyoming and parts of adjacent Idaho, Montana, and Utah: Geological Survey of Wyoming, Public Information Circular no. 29, p. 126-138. Neotectonics of the Tetons
Snyder,Gerald S.,1970,In the footsteps of Lewis and Clark: The National Geographic Society.
Steedman, Scott, 1993, A Frontier Fort on the Oregon Trail: New York, NY, Peter Bedrick Books.
Sterling-Wanner, Linda, 1989, Beautiful America's Idaho: Wilsonville, Oregon, Beautiful America Publishing Company.
Stricker, Dr. Dee, 1990, Alpine Wildflowers: Columbia Falls, MT, The Flower Press
Trafzer, Clifford E., 1992, The Nez Perce: Chelsea House Publishers, p 111.
Zaslowsky, Dyan, and Watkins, T.H., 1994, These American Lands: Washington D.C., Island Press.
No Author, 1954, The Eagle, the Jaguar, & the Serpent: Indian Art of the Americas: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., p. 314.
Idaho Transportation Department, "Idaho Highway Historical Marker Guide":
Boise, ID., p 162.
A pamphlet prepared by "Planmakers, Planning and Urban Design", ' A study and action plan for Idaho's Commemoration of "Lewis and Clark Expedition Bicentennial"'.
General Precambrian of North America'
Hoffman, P.F., 1989, Precambrian geology and tectonic history of North America: in Bally, A.W., and Palmer, A.R., editors, The Geology of North America; An overview: Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, volume A, p. 447-512.
Structure of the Teton Range:
Lageson D.R. 1992, Possible Laramide influence on the Teton normal fault, western Wyoming in Link, P.K, Kuntz, M.A., and Platt, L. B., editors, Regional Geology of eastern Idaho and western Wyoming: Geological Society of America Memoir 179, p. 183-196.
Kellogg, K.S., 1992, Cretaceous thrusting and Neogene block rotation in the northern Portneuf Range region, southeastern Idaho: in Link, P.K., Kuntz, M.A., and Platt, L.B., editors, Regional Geology of Eastern Idaho and Western Wyoming: Geological Society of America Memoir 179, p. 95-113.
Levy, M, Christie-Blick, N., and Link, P.K., 1994, Neoproterozoic incised valleys of the eastern Great Basin, Utah and Idaho: Fluvial response to changes in depositional base level: in Dalrymple, R.W., Boyd, R., and Zaitlin, B.A., editors, Incised Valley Systems: Origin and Sedimentary Sequences, Tulsa, Ok., SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication 51, p. 369-382.
Lindsey, K.A., 1982, The Upper Proterozoic and Lower Cambrian "Brigham Group", Oneida Narrows, Southeastern Idaho: Northwest Geology, v. 11, p. 13-21.
Link, P.K., and Smith, L.B., 1992, Late Proterozoic and Early Cambrian Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Tectonics: Northern Utah and Southeastern Idaho: in Wilson, J.R., editor, Field Guide for Geologic Excursions in Utah and Adjacent areas of Nevada, Idaho, and Wyoming: Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication 92-3, p. 461-481.
Link, P.K., Miller, J.M.G., and Christie-Blick, N., 1994, Glacial-marine facies in a continental rift environment: Neoproterozoic rocks of the western United States Cordillera, in Deynoux, M., Miller, J.M.G., Domack, E.W., Eyles, N., Fairchild, I.J., and Young, G.M., editors, International Geological Correlation Project 260: Earth's Glacial Record, Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge University Press, p. 29-59.
Link, P.K., LeFebre, G.B., Pogue, K.R., and Burgel, W.D., 1985, Structural Geology between the Putnam Thrust and the Snake River Plain, southeastern Idaho: in G.L., and Kerns, R.L., Jr., editors, Orogenic Patterns and Stratigraphy of north-central Utah and southeastern Idaho: Utah Geological Association Publication 14, p. 97-117.
Link, P.K., Jansen, S.T., Halimdihardja, P., Lande, A.C., and Zahn, P.D., 1987, Stratigraphy of the Brigham Group (Late Proterozoic-Cambrian), Bannock, Portneuf, and Bear River Ranges, southeastern Idaho: in Miller, W.R., ed., The Thrust Belt Revisited, 38th Annual Wyoming Geological Association Guidebook, p. 133-148.
Skipp, Betty, and Link, P.K., 1992, Middle and Late Proterozoic rocks and Late Proterozoic tectonics in the southern Beaverhead Mountains, Idaho and Montana: A Preliminary Report: in Link, P.K., Kuntz, M.A., and Platt, L.B., editors, Regional Geology of Eastern Idaho and Western Wyoming: Geological Society of America Memoir 179, p. 141-154.
Smith, L.H., Kaufman, A.J., Knoll, A.H., and Link, P.K., 1994, Chemostratigraphy of predominantly siliciclastic Neoproterozoic successions: a case study of the Pocatello Formation and Lower Brigham Group, Idaho, USA: Geological Magazine, v. 13-1, no. 3, p. 301-314.
Winston, Don, 1991, Evidence for intracratonic, fluvial and lacustrine settings of Middle to Late Proterozoic basins of western U.S.A., in Gower, C.F., Rivers, T., and Ryan, B., editors, Mid-Proterozoic Laurentia-Baltica: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 38, p. 535-564.
BLM information and image (not map) adapted from the National and State BLM Web Sites: http://www.blm.gov/nhp/ and http://www.id.blm.gov/.
City of Rocks
City of Rocks material is adapted with permission from the City of Rocks Web Site (http://www.nps.gov/ciro/).
Craters of the Moon
Craters of the Moon National Monument material is adapted with permission from the Craters of the Moon National Monument Web Site: http://www.nps.gov/crmo/.
Idaho Geologic Survey-Geologic Hazards, http://www.idahogeology.org/Services/GeologicHazards/Earthquakes/historiceqs.htm -Geology section.
Hagerman Fossil Beds
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument material is adapted with permission from the Hagerman Fossil Beds Web Site: http: http://www.nps.gov/hafo/.
of Fish & Game
Small color pictures are used with permission from the , 1999-2000 fishing regulations, as are the regional area maps, tables and charts. Some of the hatchery information used is adapted with permission from the Fish & Game hatchery web site: http://www2.state.id.us/fishgame/fish/fishstocking/hatchery.cfm.
Drainage area map and associated information adapted with permission from the Department's website: http:www2.state.id.us/fishgame/fish/fish.htm.
Some hatchery text and photographs courtesy of the Idaho Department of Fish & Game. Some activity, exercise and coloring book material from Discovering Salmon.
State lands visitation statistics and text adapted from: http://www.idahoparks.org/.
Idaho Virtual Campus
Materials were adapted with permission from the Idaho Virtual Campus, http://wapi.isu.edu/ -Varied sections. Topics: Cloud Imaging, Earthquake Fundamentals, Groundwater Review, Precipitation Patterns, Surface Water Review.
Massacre Rocks State Park material is adapted with permission from the Massacre Rocks Web Site: http://www.idahoparks.org/parks/massacre.htm
Nez Perce National
Text on the Idaho Indian Wars and the Nez Perce and their War is adapted with permission from The Idaho Heritage. http://www.nps.gov/nepe/ -Historical Geography section.
Materials adapted with permission from the NOAA ASOS Web Site: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/oso/oso1/oso11/oso112/asos/sensrgrp.htm -Cliamtology section. Weather Station Tour.
Portneuf Valley Groundwater
Gaurdian Hydrology FAQ
Hydrology FAQ material provided courtesy of Portneuf Valley Groundwater Gaurdian: http://www.portneufgroundwater.org/ -Hydrololgy section.
U.S. Forest Service
Forestry information for map and linked text pages are adapted with permission from the U.S. Forest Service as follows:
1. Bitterroot National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/r1/bitterroot/ (text and images)
2. Boise National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/r4/boise/ (text and images)
3. Caribou National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/r4/curlew/ (text)
4. Clearwater National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/r1/clearwater/ (text and image)
5. Nez Perce National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/r1/nezperce/ (text)
6. Panhandle National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/outernet/ipnf/ (text and images)
7. Payette National Forest: text excerpted from Natural Wonders of Idaho
8. Salmon-Challis National Forest: text excerpted from Natural Wonders of Idaho
9. Sawtooth National Forest:http://www.northrim.net/sawtoothnf/index1.htm (text and image)
10. Targhee National Forest: http://www.fs.fed.us/tnf/ (text and image)
Caves in Idaho
Main text and drawings from Exploring Idaho Geology; Shoshone Ice Caves text and Minnetonka Cave text from Natural Wonders of Idaho.
Faults, Thermal Waters
and Seismicity Data
Click Here to view data sources for this module.
This module was created by Digital Atlas staff members Jacqueline Harvey, Vita Taube, Diana Boyack and Christian Stoddard. Contact the Atlas with any questions, comments, concerns or corrections.
This module was created by Dr. John Welhan and Digital Atlas staff members Jacqueline Harvey, Vita Taube and Diana Boyack. Contact the Atlas with any questions, comments, concerns or corrections. Groundwater Review material courtesy of Idaho Virtual Campus.
Immigration and Emigration
Text on the Long Valley Finns and Roseberry is adapted courtesy of the Long Valley Preservation Society pamphlets.
Introductory text used with permission from Exploring Idaho Geology. Topographic map sources and general reference materials:
* Eddy figure after O'Conner, figure 69, p. 58.
* Hjustrom's Diagram after figure 3.9 Boggs p. 47
* Walters Bar topographic map after O'Conner figure 38, p. 33. - topographic base from the Walters Butte (ID) USGS 7.7-min Quadrangle.
* Boggs, 1987, Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Merrill Publishing Co., p. 47.
* Malde, H.E., 1968, The catastrophic late Pleistocene Bonneville Flood in the Snake River Plain, Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 596, 52 p.
* OConnor, Jim E., 1993, Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Geomorphology of the Bonneville Flood, Geological Society of America Special Paper, #274, 83p.
* Wood, S.H., and Anderson, J.E., 1981, Geology, in J.C. Mitchell, ed., Geothermal investigations in Idaho, Part II- geological, hydrological, geochemical, and geophysical investigations of the Nampa-Caldwell and adjacent areas, southwestern Idaho: Idaho Department of Water Resources, Water Information Bulletin 30, p. 9-31.
Thanks to Fay Weber at the Idaho Mining Association for putting together a summary of current mining statistics for the Digital Atlas of Idaho. Mine list by County and accompanying PDF map of mine locations in Idaho courtesy of IGS/USGS 1988; Map of Mining Areas in Idaho: Metals, Phosphate & Industrial Minerals, Courtesy: Directory of Mining Operations in Idaho, 1987.
Some information on the Kootenai excerpted from the History of Boundary County, ID, compiled by the Boundary County Historical Society, 1987.
Parks & Monuments
Parks & Monuments material is adapted with permission from Exploring Idaho Geology.
Lands and Recreation Areas
Scenic Byways information adapted with permission from: Taking the Scenic Route - A guide to Idaho's scenic byways, Contributors to the brochure: Bureau of Land Management, North Central Idaho Travel Association, Southwest Idaho Travel Association, South Central Idaho Travel Committee, Central Idaho Rockies Association, Idaho Transportation Department, U.S. Forest Service and Federal Highway Administration.
Snake River Plain
Snake River Plain Geophysical Data from:
* BASALT - Geohydrologic Framework of the Snake River Plain, Idaho and Eastern Oregon. By R. L. Whitehead 1:1,000,000 Atlas HA 681 Hydrologic Investigations
* GRAVITY - Base from U.S. Geological Survey. State base maps: Idaho, 1976; Nevada,1965; Oregon, 1966; Utah, 1976; and Wyoming, 1967.
Idaho Topographic Development
Topographic Development material by, P.K. Link, R.W. Reading, A.E. Godfrey, and D. Prevedel. DEM models by the USDA Forest Service, GIS Center for Excellence, Ogden, Utah. Text on the Bruneau-Jarbidge Eruptive Center is used with permission from Exploring Idaho Geology.
This module was created by Dr. Jim McNamara and Digital Atlas staff members Jacqueline Harvey, Vita Taube, Diana Boyack and Christian Stoddard. Contact the Atlas with any questions, comments, concerns or corrections. Surface Water Review material courtesy of Idaho Virtual Campus.
Wetland photos courtesy of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Noxious weed photos and text courtesy of the U.S. Forest Service.