of Idaho's modern Native Peoples entered the North American continent
from Asia at the close of the Pleistocene Epoch, perhaps as early as
25,000 years ago. Naturally, as these First Peoples and their families
journeyed across the Beringian Land Bridge, deeper into the North American
continent, climates and resources changed from region to region. In
response to these changes the People also needed to change the ways
in which they lived.
Yourself as One of Idaho's First Peoples
through cold snow, and over ice covered lava rocks out on the Snake
River Plain. It is wintertime, with the wind blowing hard. Your extended
family travels with you. Included perhaps would be your mothers and
fathers, brothers and sisters, and grandparents.
no roads, no maps or compass, no houses or towns, no libraries, no churches,
no clothing or hardware stores, no grocery stores.
your family must make everything needed from the resources and materials
provided from nature. The basic resources and materials are from animals,
plants, trees, and stone. From these resources clothing, shelter, food,
weapons, and tools must be made. There is nothing made of metal, no
pots and pans, no axes, no steel knives.
of your family is paramount in all concerns. You have no house, except
what is constructed each night. Your only clothes are what you wear.
is made from the hides of animals, or woven from plant materials gathered
by the women. Shelter is made from hides, bones, antlers, earth, woven
plants, and brush. All of it is held together with cordage.
your family would consist of berries, meat, roots, tubers, leaves, nuts,
seeds, insects, and fish. Most foods would be available only seasonally
so that during the year your family would need to travel into different
areas to harvest the ripening plants.
eat only what is gathered by the women with their digging sticks,
or hunted by the men with spears and atlatls. Digging sticks, spears,
and atlatls are all made using cordage.
to hunt, gather, and process the necessary resources you would need
tools made from the available resources. These tools would be used
to manufacture everything required for your survival. Cordage would
be one of the most important tools made to guarantee your survival.
to survive your family would need to use the resources in their region
with the utmost efficiency. The cooperation and help from each person
in your family would be needed to ensure survival for everyone.
More About The People
Look Into The
Nez Perce People
Coeur d'Alene People