as they traveled, eventually, over thousands of years, inhabited and
lived within what are now called Culture Areas
by anthropologists. America is loosely sectioned into several regional
Culture Area means that the tribes which
lived within a culture area were more similar to one another than to
tribes which inhabited other regions. The tribes within a culture area
might share similar clothing styles, foods, customs, stories & myths,
and languages. Within a culture area there were likely to be marriages
between the various related tribes.
very different regional areas, such as: the Snake River Plain; Salmon
River country and mountains; the Panhandle; and arid Western Idaho.
Each of these regions have differing climates, geography, plants, animals,
fish, and other resources such as rocks, minerals, and water. Not amazingly,
the tribes which came into these areas after 5,000 years ago used the
variety of regional resources in differing ways.
identify two culture areas in Idaho. The Northern Panhandle area is
designated as part of the Plateau Culture Area
which was inhabited by the Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Kalispel, Kutenai
and Schitsu'umsh (Coeur d' Alene) tribes. The Plateau Culture Area also
included tribes of people living in eastern Washington.
Basin Culture Area
Basin Culture Area extends over much of Nevada and Utah and reaches
north into Idaho to Corn Creek on the Salmon River. The Great Basin
Culture Area of Idaho is inhabited by the Shoshoni, Bannock and Northern
Plains Culture Area
and Nez Perce tribes were influenced by tribes living east of Idaho
in the Great Plains Culture Area. Among
the Great Plains tribes were the Siksika(Blackfoot), Tsistsistsas &
Suhtai (Cheyenne), Arapaho, and Lakota (Sioux). The Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)
and Sosoni' peoples adopted clothing styles, hunting techniques, horses,
and shelter designs from their neighbors on the Great Plains.