Heart of the Awl
People of the Panhandle Rivers
Coeur d' Alene translates roughly into "heart-of -the-awl".
The French gave this appellation to the Schitsu'Umsh People because
of their great experience and skill as traders. The People called themselves
Schitsu'Umsh, meaning "Those Who Are Found Here".
One of the
panhandle tribes, along with the Kalispel, Spokane, and Kootenai, the
Schitsu'Umsh made their encampments along the Spokane, Coeur d' Alene,
and St Joseph rivers. These tribes not only lived near one another,
but the Schitsu'Umsh and Kaispel also shared similar languages. Both
of these tribes spoke languages included in the Salish language family.
d' Alene words for "rope", "snare", and netting"
all describe the activity of using a rope or a snare and are translated
as "means of tying".
Umsh traded not only with the trabes within their region, but also with
many of the tribes on the Pacific coast. The Coeur d' Alenes also traded
with the Nez Perce, the Shoshoni and the Bannocks to the south and southeast.
Idaho's Peoples knew one another and worked well together.
of the Steptoe Battle of 1858, near Rosalia, Washington, is called Pine
Creek on the maps, but was called Hngwesumn by
the Coeur d'Alenes. Hngwesumn means literally, "Place for fiber
used for rope."
Learn About The Coeur d'